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CLAUDE MONET. 1840-1926

149 BOULEVARD DES CAPUCINES. 1873

Oil on canvas. 61 X 80 cm. Inv. No 3397 Signed and dated lower, center: Claude Monet 73 The picture was bought by Ivan- Morozov in 1907 in Paris from Durand-Ruel for 40,000 francs. There is probably an earlier variant in the collection of the Nelson Gallery and Atkins Museum of Fine Arts, Kansas City (USA).

Provenance: The J.-B. Faure Collection, Paris; until 1907 The P. Durand-Ruel Collection, Paris; 1907—18 The I. Morozov Collection, Moscow; 1918—48 The Museum of Modern Western Art, Moscow; since 1948 The Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow Exhibitions: 1874 Paris, Cat. 97; 1883 Paris (Durand-Ruel Gallery), Cat. 31; 1889 Paris, Cat. 19; 1906 Ber-

lin, Cat. 32; 1906 Paris, Cat. 7; 1906 Berlin, Stuttgart, Cat. 25; 1907 Mannheim, Cat. 582 f.; 1939 Moscow, Cat., p. 37; 1955 Moscow, Cat., p. 47; 1960 Moscow, Cat., p. 28; 1974 Leningrad, Cat. 20; 1974—75 Moscow, Cat. 11

Bibliography: Кат. ГМИИ 1957, p. 95, ill.; Кат. ГМИИ 1961, p. 129, ill.; Маковский 1912, p. 9; Geffroy 1922, pp. 76, 118, ill. pp. 76—77; Ternovetz 1925, p. 456, ill.; Ettinger 1926, part 1, p. 22, ill.; Кат. ГМНЗИ 1928, No 380; Reau 1929, No 987; Reutersward 1948, p. 83, ill. 30; G. Bazin, L'Epoque impressionniste, Paris, 1957, p. 35; Sterling 1957, ill. 74, pp. 96—97; Ревалд 1959, pp. 124—125; Прокофьев 1962, ill. 134; Моне 1969, No 4; Моне 1974, ill. 5; Antonova 1977, No 84

149 BOULEVARD DES CAPUCINES. 1873
149 BOULEVARD DES CAPUCINES. 1873

150 LUNCHEON ON THE GRASS. 1866

Oil on canvas. 130 X 181 cm. Inv. No 3307 Signed and dated lower left: Claude Monet 66 In the 1860s many future Impressionists, such as Frederic Bazille, executed large-size pictures pursuing but one aim — the depiction of the human figure (or figures) en plein air. It was with the same aim in mind that Monet began work on his large canvas, Luncheon on the Grass, at Chailly-en-Biere in the summer of 1865. He intended it for the 1866 Salon exhibition but was dissatisfied with the final result and, in all probability, later cut the picture into three parts, two of which have survived to the present day (the left-hand part is in The Louvre, the central part in the Eknayan Collection in Paris). All trace of the right-hand part has been lost. It is possible that his failure with the large composition prompted Monet to make a smaller version of it, although there are differences of opinion on this matter. Some scholars think it is a sketch for the large

painting (H. Adhemar, G. Bazin), while others see it as a second version made by the painter (Ch. Sterling, N. Yavorskaya). The author's dating of the Pushkin Museum picture, comparisons with the surviving parts of the large canvas and, finally, X-ray photographs of this picture taken in 1963 and 1973, all tend to support the conclusion that this is a smaller replica of the original large version of Luncheon on the Grass. The model for the female figures in the composition was Camille Doncieux, Monet's fiancee whom he married in 1870; several male figures were painted from Monet's friend Frederic Bazille. Monet apparently realized his initial concept of the picture in a pencil drawing, which in 1947 was in the collection of F. Bazille, the artist's cousin. Monet had several times painted the landscape without figures (as can be seen from Chailly-en-Biere, 1865, Statens Museum for Kunst, Copenhagen), and then started work on the scene as a whole. Soon after its completion (according to G. Wildenstein, already in 1874)

the Moscow picture was in the collection of the French opera singer J.-B. Faure, who sold it to Paul Durand-Ruel for 18,000 francs on February 12, 1901; he, in turn, sold it to Paul Cassirer for 30,000 francs in Berlin, and it was probably there that it was bought by Sergei Shchukin (between 1901 and 1908). Provenance: until 1901 The J.-B. Faure Collection, Paris; 1901 The P. Durand-Ruel Collection, Paris; from 1901, February 12, The P. Cassirer Collection, Berlin; until 1918 The S. Shchukin Collection, Moscow; 1918— 48 The Museum of Modern Western Art, Moscow; since 1948 The Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow Exhibitions: 1900 Paris (?); 1903 Vienna, Cat. 44; 1955 Moscow, Cat., p. 46; 1960 Moscow, Cat., p. 27; 1974—75 Moscow, Cat. 9; 1974—75 Paris, New York, Cat. 24

Bibliography: Кат. ГМИИ 1957, p. 95; Кат. ГМИИ 1961, p. 129; Heilbut 1903, p. 177, ill.; Кат. собрания С.Щукина 1913, No 133, pp. 30—31; Тугендхольд 1914, ill., p. 6; Перцов 1921, No 133, p. 112; Geffroy 1922, pp. 28, 29, ill.; Тугендхольд 1923, p. 20, ill., p. 12; Ternovetz 1925, p. 458, ill.; Ettinger 1926, part 1, p. 16, ill.; R. Regamey, "La Formation de Claude Monet", Gazette des Beaux-Arts, XV, 1927, pp. 65— 84, ill. p. 69; Кат. ГМНЗИ 1928, No 367; Reau 1929, No 974; Reutersward 1948, p. 17, ill.; G. Bazin, L 'Epoque impressionniste, Paris, 1957, p. 24; Sterling 1957, ill. 69, p. 92; H. Adhemar, "Modifications ap-portees par Monet a son Dejeuner sur I'herbe de 1865 a 1866", Bulletin du laboratoire du Musee du Louvre, 1958, 3, p. 37, ill. p. 46; G. Sarraute, "Contribution a 1'etude du Dejeuner sur I'herbe de Monet", Bulletin du laboratoire du Musee du Louvre, 1958, 3, p. 41, ill. p. 49; Ревалд 1959, pp. 96-97; Cat. Im-pressionnistes 1959, p. 124; Прокофьев 1962, ill. 133; Musee de Moscou 1963, p. 172, ill.; Моне 1969, No 1; J. Isaacson, Monet. "Le Dejeuner sur I'herbe", New York, 1972, pp. 70-72, 77, 100, ill.; K. S. Champa, Studies in Early Impressionism, London, 1973, p. 30, ill. 50; Моне 1974, ill. 1—4

150 LUNCHEON ON THE GRASS. 1866
150 LUNCHEON ON THE GRASS. 1866

151 ROUEN CATHEDRAL AT NOON. 1894

Oil on canvas. 100 X 65 cm. Inv. No 3312 Signed and dated lower left: Claude Monet 94 The picture was bought by Sergei Shchukin from Durand-Ruel in Paris in 1902. Monet worked on this motif from 1892 to 1894. Other canvases from this series, similar in composition and style, all dated 1894, are in The Louvre.

Provenance: until 1898 The artist's collection, Paris; 1898—1902 The P. Durand-Ruel Collection, Paris; 1902—18 The S. Shchukin Collection, Moscow; 1918— 48 The Museum of Modern Western Art, Moscow; since 1948 The Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow Exhibitions: 1895 Paris (Durand-Ruel Gallery); 1955 Moscow, Cat., p. 47; 1960 Moscow, Cat., p. 28; 1974 Leningrad, Cat. 26; 1974—75 Moscow, Cat. 20 Bibliography: Кат. ГМИИ 1957, p. 95; Кат. ГМИИ 1961, p. 129; Искусство 1905, ill. p. 18; Кат. собр. С. Щукина 1913, No 138, pp. 32—33; Перцов 1921, No 138, pp. 41, 112; Ternovetz 1925, p. 459; Кат. ГМНЗИ 1928, No 374; Reau 1929, No 981; Reutersward 1948, p. 278; Моне 1969, No 13; Моне 1974, ill. 11; Antonova 1977, No 83

151 ROUEN CATHEDRAL AT NOON. 1894
151 ROUEN CATHEDRAL AT NOON. 1894

152 VETHEUIL. 1901

Oil on canvas. 90 X 92 cm. Inv. No 3314 Signed and dated lower left: Claude Monet 1901 Monet painted most of his views of Vetheuil in 1878— 82, but frequently returned to these motifs later on. The Moscow picture was done in 1901, during one of the artist's sojourns at Vetheuil. Two landscapes of Vetheuil of the same year are in the Art Institute of Chicago. The Pushkin Museum canvas was bought by Sergei Shchukin from Durand-Ruel in Paris on May 13, 1902.

Provenance: until 1902 The Bernheim Jeune Collection, Paris; 1902, February 5 — May 13 The P. Durand-Ruel Collection, Paris; 1902—18 The S. Shchukin Col-

lection, Moscow; 1918—48 The Museum of Modern Western Art, Moscow; since 1948 The Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow

Exhibitions: 1939 Moscow, Cat., p. 48; 1960 Moscow, Cat., p. 29; 1973 Washington, Cat. 28; 1974—75 Moscow, Cat. 23

Bibliography: Кат. ГМИИ 1957, p. 173; Кат. ГМИИ 1961, p. 130; Искусство 1905, ill. p. 15; Кат. собр. С. Щукина 1913, No 144, pp. 32—33; Тугендхольд 1914, ill. p. 43; Grautoff 1919, ill. p. 86; Перцов 1921, No 144, p. 112; Ternovetz 1925, p. 459; Кат. ГМНЗИ 1928, No 378; Reau 1929, No 985; Reutersward 1948, p. 283; Musee de Moscou 1963, p. 174, ill.; ГМИИ 1966, No 88; Моне 1969, No 18; Моне 1974, ill. 16—18

152 VETHEUIL. 1901
152 VETHEUIL. 1901

153 SEA GULLS. THE THAMES IN LONDON. THE HOUSES OF PARLIAMENT. 1904

Oil on canvas. 82 X 92 cm. Inv. No 3306 Signed and dated lower right: Claude Monet 1904 Monet painted this picture after his second visit to London (1901—3). The canvas of 1904 of the same subject is in The Louvre. The Moscow picture was bought by Sergei Shchukin from Durand-Ruel in Paris in November 1904.

Provenance: until 1904, May 11, The artist's collection, Paris; 1904, May 11 — November 24, The P. Durand-Ruel Collection, Paris; 1904—18 The S. Shchukin Collection, Moscow; 1918—48 The Museum of Modern Western Art, Moscow; since 1948 The Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow

Exhibitions: 1904 Paris; 1939 Moscow, Cat., p. 48; 1955 Moscow, Cat., p. 48; 1960 Moscow, Cat., p. 29; 1974 Leningrad, Cat. 31; 1974—75 Moscow, Cat. 25 Bibliography: Кат. ГМИИ 1957, p. 96; Кат. ГМИИ 1961, p. 130; Кат. собр. С. Щукина 1913, No 132, pp. 30—31; Перцов 1921, No 132, p. 112; Ternovetz 1925, p. 459; Кат. ГМНЗИ 1928, No 379; Reau 1929, No 986; Reutersward 1948, p. 287; Моне 1969, No 20; Моне 1974, ill. 19; Antonova 1977, No 85

153 SEA GULLS. THE THAMES IN LONDON. THE HOUSES OF PARLIAMENT. 1904
153 SEA GULLS. THE THAMES IN LONDON. THE HOUSES OF PARLIAMENT. 1904

154 THE ROCKS AT ETRETAT. 1886

Oil on canvas. 66 X 81 cm. Inv. No 3308 Signed and dated lower left: Claude Monet 86 There are many seascapes painted by Monet at Et-retat. Closest to the Moscow canvas is Etretat dated the same year, in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. The canvas was bought by Sergei Shchukin from Durand-Ruel on June 24, 1898, in Paris.

Provenance: until 1894 The Collection of G. de Choi-let, Paris; 1894—98 The P. Durand-Ruel Collection, Paris; 1898—1918 The S. Shchukin Collection, Moscow; 1918—48 The Museum of Modern Western Art,

Moscow; since 1948 The Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow

Exhibitions: 1939 Moscow, Cat., p. 47; 1955 Moscow, Cat., p. 47; 1960 Moscow, Cat., p. 28; 1966—67 Tokyo, Kyoto, Cat. 51; 1972 Otterloo, Cat. 38; 1974—75 Moscow, Cat. 16

Bibliography: Кат. ГМИИ 1957, p. 173; Кат. ГМИИ 1961, p. 129; Кат. собр. С. Щукина 1913, No 134, pp. 30—31; Перцов 1921, No 134, pp. 41, 112; Geffroy 1922, pp. 200—201, ill.; Ternovetz 1925, p. 459; Кат. ГМНЗИ 1928, No 370; Reau 1929, No 977; Reuters-ward 1948, p. 284; Sterling 1957, ill. 72, p. 102; Моне 1969, No 8; Моне 1974, ill. 8; Antonova 1977, No 86

154 THE ROCKS AT ETRETAT. 1886
154 THE ROCKS AT ETRETAT. 1886

155 HAYSTACK AT GIVERNY

Oil on canvas. 64.5 X 87 cm. Inv. No 3398 Signed lower left: Claude Monet

The earliest pictures of the Giverny series were painted by Monet in the mid-1880s. Although this canvas is not dated by the artist, it is known that in the catalogue of the exhibition of Monet's works from the Faure Collection, held at Durand-Ruel's in 1906, it was dated 1889. Haystack at Giverny was bought by Ivan Morozov from Durand-Ruel in 1907. The 1886 picture on the same theme is in The Hermitage, Leningrad.

Provenance: The J.-B. Faure Collection, Paris; until 1907 The P. Durand-Ruel Collection, Paris; 1907—18

The I. Morozov Collection, Moscow; 1918—48 The Museum of Modern Western Art, Moscow; since 1948 The Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow

Exhibitions: 1906 Paris, Cat. 17; 1939 Moscow, Cat., p. 48; 1955 Moscow, Cat., p. 47; 1960 Moscow, Cat., p. 29; 1972 Otterloo, Cat. 39; 1972 Prague, Cat. 26; 1974—75 Moscow, Cat. 19

Bibliography: Кат. ГМИИ 1961, p. 129; Маковский 1912, p. 9; Перцов 1921, No 141, p. 112; Ternovetz 1925, p. 459; Кат. ГМНЗИ 1928, No 383; Reau 1929, No 990; Reutersward 1948, p. 286; Sterling 1957, ill. 73; Прокофьев 1962, ill. 136; Моне 1969, No 12; Моне 1974, ill. 15; Antonova 1977, No 87

155 HAYSTACK AT GIVERNY
155 HAYSTACK AT GIVERNY

156 THE ROCKS AT BELLE-ILE. 1886

Oil on canvas. 65 X 81 cm. Inv. No 3310 Signed and dated lower right: Claude Monet 86 Monet painted a large number of landscapes at Belle-lie. There are views of Belle-He, similar to the Moscow picture, in The Louvre (The Rocks at Belle-lie, 65 X 81 cm; Storm. The Shores at Belle-lie, 65 X 81 cm) and in Copenhagen Statens Museum for Kunst, the Box Collection (The Pyramid at Port-Coton, 1886). The picture was bought by Sergei Shchukin from Du-rand-Ruel in Paris on November 10, 1898.

Provenance: until 1897 The Aubry Collection, Paris; 1897—98 The P. Durand-Ruel Collection, Paris; 1898—

1918 The S. Shchukin Collection, Moscow; 1918—48 The Museum of Modern Western Art, Moscow; since 1948 The Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow Exhibitions: 1939 Moscow, Cat., p. 47; 1955 Moscow, Cat., p. 47; 1960 Moscow, Cat., p. 28; 1974—75 Moscow, Cat. 15

Bibliography: Кат. ГМИИ 1957, p. 95; Кат. ГМИИ 1961, p. 129; Кат. собр. С.Щукина 1913, No 136, pp. 30—31; Тугендхольд 1914, p. 43, ill. p. 26; Пер-цов 1921, No 136, pp. 41, 112; Ternovetz 1925, p. 459; Кат. ГМНЗИ 1928, No 371; Reau 1929, No 978; Reu-tersward 1948, p. 286; Прокофьев 1962, ill. 137; Моне 1969, No 7; Моне 1974, ill. 9, 10

156 THE ROCKS AT BELLE-ILE. 1886
156 THE ROCKS AT BELLE-ILE. 1886

157 WATER LILIES. 1899

Oil on canvas. 89 X 93 cm. Inv. No 3309 Signed and dated lower right: Claude Monet 99 The series Water Lilies. Water Landscapes was painted at Giverny between 1898 and 1908. The Pushkin Museum picture is one of the first works of the series. A compositionally similar variant of the same year (Pond with Water Lilies. Green Harmony, 89 X 93.5 cm) is in The Louvre.

Provenance: 1908—18 The S. Shchukin Collection, Moscow; 1918—48 The Museum of Modern Western

Art, Moscow; since 1948 The Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow

Exhibitions: 1909 Paris (Durand-Ruel Gallery); 1939 Moscow, Cat., p. 48; 1955 Moscow, Cat., p. 48; 1960 Moscow, Cat., p. 29; 1974—75 Moscow, Cat. 22 Bibliography: Кат. ГМИИ 1957, p. 96; Кат. ГМИИ 1961, p. 130; Кат. собр. С.Щукина 1913, No 135, pp. 30—31; Тугендхольд 1914, ill. p. 43; Перцов 1921, No 135, p. 112; Тугендхольд 1923, p. 26, ill. p. 18; Ternovetz 1925, p. 459; Кат. ГМНЗИ 1928, No 377; Reau 1929, No 984; Reutersward 1948, p. 288; Моне 1969, No 17; Моне 1974, ill. 13,14;Antonova 1977, No 88

157 WATER LILIES. 1899
157 WATER LILIES. 1899

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