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FRANQOIS BOUCHER. 1703-1770

45 HERCULES AND OMPHALE

Oil on canvas. 90 X 74 cm. Inv. No 2764 The subject, taken from Greek mythology, was a favorite one with artists of the Rococo period. The well-known picture of the same title by F. Lemoine was painted in 1724 and is now in The Louvre. The present canvas belongs to the early period of Boucher's career (early 1730s), when his palette and artistic manner were still very close to those of Lemoine. A copy of Boucher's work made by Fragonard was put up at an auction of the Sireuil Collection in 1781. Provenance: 1777 Sale of the Collection of Randon de Boisset, Paris; 1787 Sale of the Collection of Count de Vaudreuil, Paris; 1820 The M. Golitsyn Collection, Moscow; from the mid-1820s to 1924 The Yusu-povs Collection, Arkhangelskoye (near Moscow) and St Petersburg — Petrograd; 1924—30 The Hermitage, Leningrad; since 1930 The Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow

Exhibitions: 1908 St Petersburg, Cat. 285; 1955 Moscow, Cat., p. 23; 1956 Leningrad, Cat., p. 10 Bibliography: Кат. ГМИИ 1948, p. 14; Кат. ГМИИ 1957, p. 21; Кат. ГМИИ 1961, p. 30, ill.; P. Remy, Catalogue des tableaux du cabinet de feu M. Randon de Boisset, Paris, 1777, No 192; Musee Youssoupoff 1839, No 86; Michel 1886, p. 10; L. Souillie, Ch. Mas-son, Catalogue raisonne de I'ceuvre peint et des-sine de Francois Boucher, in: A. Michel, Francois Boucher, Paris, 1889, No 167; А. Прахов 1906, pp. 208— 209, ill. 96; Nolhac 1907, p. 115; Бенуа 1908, p. 731, ill.; H. MacFall, Boucher, London, 1908, p. 146; H. Rou-jon, Francois Boucher, Paris, s.a. [1900], p. 21; An-ciennes ecoles de peinture 1910, p. 116, ill.; Бенуа 1912, p. 334, ill.; Кат. Юсуповской галереи 1920, No 40; Эрнст 1924, p. 56, ill.; L. Reau, Histoire de la peinture francaise аи XVIIIе siecle, vol. I, Paris — Brussels, 1925, p. 41; Reau 1929, No 13; Sterling 1957, ill. 38, pp. 44—45; Прокофьев 1962, ill. 59; Musee de Moscou 1963, p. 142, ill.; Charmet 1970, pp. 19—20, ill.; Antonova 1977, No 66; Кузнецова 1978, ill. 1—3

45 HERCULES AND OMPHALE
45 HERCULES AND OMPHALE

46 LANDSCAPE WITH A HERMIT. 1742

Oil on copper-plate. 66.5 X 55.5 cm. Inv. No 2765 Signed and dated lower right: F. Boucher 1742 The subject is taken from La Fontaine's fable The Hermit. The picture was engraved by P. C. Chedel. Provenance: until 1772 The Collection of L. A. Crozat, Baron de Thiers, Paris; 1772—1882 The Gatchina Palace (near St Petersburg); 1882—1930 The Hermitage, St Petersburg — Leningrad; since 1930 The Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow

Exhibitions: 1742 Paris (Salon), Cat. 21 bis; 1955 Moscow, Cat., p. 24; 1956 Leningrad, Cat., p. 10; 1965 Bordeaux, Cat. 15; 1965—66 Paris, Cat. 13

Bibliography: Кат. ГМИИ 1948, p. 14; Кат. ГМИИ 1957, p. 21; Кат. ГМИИ 1961, p. 30; Cat. Crozat 1755, p. 59; Cat. Ermitage 1774, No 775; E. et J. de Gon-court, L'Art da XVIIIе siecle, Paris, 1880, p. 182; Mantz 1880, p. 92; Michel 1886, p. 54; L. Souillie, Ch. Masson, Catalogue raisonne de I'ceuvre peint et des-sine de franfois Boucher, in: A. Michel, Francois Boucher, Paris, 1889, No 1739; Сомов 1900, No 1798, ill.; Nolhac 1907, p. 41, ill.; Кат. Эрмитажа 1916, No 1798; M. Fenaille, F. Boucher, Paris, 1925, p. 59; Reau 1929, No 12; Sterling 1957, ill. 39, p. 45; Stuff-mann 1968, p. 126, No 108; Antonova 1977, No 64; Кузнецова 1978, ill. 10, 11

46 LANDSCAPE WITH A HERMIT. 1742
46 LANDSCAPE WITH A HERMIT. 1742

47 THE MILL (THE FARM). 1752

Oil on canvas. 49 X 59 cm. Inv. No 734 Signed and dated lower, center: Boucher, J752 Provenance: until 1925 The Pokrovskoye-Streshnevo Estate Museum (near Moscow); since 1925 The Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow

Exhibitions: 1955 Moscow, Cat., p. 24; 1956 Leningrad, Cat., p. 10; 1972 Dresden, Cat. 7 Bibliography: Кат. ГМИИ 1948, p. 14; Кат. ГМИИ 1957, p. 21; Кат. ГМИИ 1961, p. 30; Прокофьев 1962, ill. 61; ГМИИ 1966, No 60; Antonova 1977, ill. 67; Кузнецова 1978, ill. 12, 13

47 THE MILL (THE FARM). 1752
47 THE MILL (THE FARM). 1752

48 A WOMAN'S HEAD

Pastel on parchment. 39 X 31 cm. Inv. No 729 In all probability, this pastel and its pendant depicting a sleeping girl were put up as lot 41 at the sale of the J. O. Bergeret Collection in Paris in 1785. The pastels were entitled The Awakening and The Dream. A number of repetitions or copies appeared at various sales, for example those of the Craemer Collection, Paris (1913, lot 11), and of the R. Lepke Collection, Berlin (1928, lot 359). In the Arkhangelskoye Estate Museum near Moscow there is a copy of the Pushkin Museum picture, identified as a work by Rotari; another copy is now in the Kuskovo Estate

Museum, also near Moscow. The pastel may be dated to the 1740s. It was engraved in the eighteenth century by I. F. Poletnik and J.-B. Michel under the title of La Voluptueuse, and its pendant as La Dormeuse. Provenance: 1785 Sale of the J. O. Bergeret Collection, Paris; until 1924 The D. Shchukin Collection, Moscow; since 1924 The Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow Bibliography: Кат. ГМИИ 1948, p. 15; Кат. ГМИИ 1957, p. 22; Кат. ГМИИ 1961, p. 30; H. Прахов 1905, p. 119, ill. 64; Nolhac 1907, p. 139; G. Wildenstein, "Un Amateur de Boucher et de Fragonard, J. O. Bergeret. 1715—1789", Gazette des Beaux-Arts, 58, 1961, p. 67; Кузнецова 1978, ill. 14

48 A WOMAN'S HEAD
48 A WOMAN'S HEAD

49 JUPITER AND CALLISTO. 1744

Oil on canvas. 98 X 72 cm. Inv. No 733

Signed and dated lower left: F. Boucher 1744 The subject is taken from Ovid's Metamorphoses (2: 409 ff.). There are numerous variants of the picture, all bearing the same title.

Provenance: 1773 Sale of the Collection of P. de Vigny, Paris; 1777 Sale of the Collection of Prince L. F. De Conti, Paris; 1779 Sale of the Abbe Gevi-gney Collection, Paris; 1827—1924 The Yusupovs Collection, Arkhangelskoye (near Moscow) and St Petersburg — Petrograd; 1924—25 The Hermitage, Leningrad; since 1925 The Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow Exhibitions: 1955 Moscow, Cat., p. 23; 1956 Leningrad, Cat., p. 9; 1972 Dresden, Cat. 6 Bibliography: Кат. ГМИИ 1948, p. 15; Кат. ГМИИ 1957, p. 21; Кат. ГМИИ 1961, p. 30; Musee Youssoupoff 1839, No 39; E. et J. de Goncourt, L'Art da XVIIIе siecle, Paris, 1880, pp. 189—190; Michel 1886, p. 106; L. Souillie, Ch. Masson, Catalogue raisonne de I'ceuvre peint et desslne de Francois Boucher, in: A. Michel, Frangois Boucher, Paris, 1889, p. 122; А. Прахов 1906, pp. 209—210, ill. 95; Бенуа 1912, p. 332, ill.; Кат. Юсуповской галереи 1920, No 39; Эрнст 1824, p. 52, ill.; Д.Дидро, Собрание сочинений, vol. 6, Moscow, 1935, pp. 110—111, ill.; Sterling 1957, p. 45; Прокофьев 1962, ill. 58; Antonova 1977, No 65; Кузнецова 1978, ill. 4—7

49 JUPITER AND CALLISTO. 1744
49 JUPITER AND CALLISTO. 1744

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